|19th century Today|
Railroad and seaway around 1880
Sources : Atlas Universel de Géographie, Drioux et Leroy, Belin, 1877,
Grand Atlas de l'histoire mondiale, Universalis, 1985,
Dictionnaire Encyclopédique d'histoire, Mourre, Bordas, 1986.
The railway between Manchester and Liverpool was inaugurated in England in 1830 and, 26000 km of railroads were already constructed in England by 1850.
The French railroad network comprised 17500 km in 1880 and secondary lines were started to open up the countryside.
Steamboats (steamers) gradually replaced sailing ships which helped to significantly lower the cost of shipping « In 1830, the shipping cost to transport one ton of goods from Australia to Liverpool was about 6000 FF ; in 1870... the cost was only of 56 FF. »
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