|- 10.000 years 19th century|
The plants of the DiscoveryThe plants of the Discovery (def.), which started the 2nd great food revolution, are the plants brought from America to Europe by Christopher Columbus and his successors. These plants later diffused through the whole world.
of Western Europe benefited from these imports in the following ways: they
started cultivating new plants such as maïze (american corn), potato,
tomato, bean, pepper, pumpkin, winter squash, sunflower, Jerusalem
artichoke (Heliantus tuberosis), tobacco.
They developed plantations of cocoa, cotton, sisal, sugar-cane, coffee,
banana, citrus trees, palm trees, etc. in many parts of the world, together
with the triangular trade in slaves.
America, too, benefited from plant transfers, mostly through species such as wheat, chick-pea, yam, bread-fruit, rice, banana, citrus, sugar-cane, coffee and animal species such as sheep, cow and horse.
Only a single animal species was transferred to Europe : the turkey.
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