Beginning and development
Agriculture and animal raising required
domestication of both animals and plants, raising of species useful
for human beings, and taking care of the factors that kept them alive and
(def.) made the species dependent on humans. Economic necessity (inadequacy
of food gathering when faced with an increase of population) is probably
the main factor leading to the birth of agriculture.
Agriculture started simultaneously in several parts of the world. Euro-mediterranean
agriculture started in the Middle-East
(def.) and spread, first to the western Mediterranean region,
then up to the northern part of Europe. This happened between 6000
and 2000 BP.
tools (def.) were replaced by Production tools, stone tools by metal
agriculture (def.) by animal-powered
agriculture (def.)...Moreover, agriculture completely changed the socio-cultural
conditions by encouraging the settlement of communities: villages,
towns, nations, and empires were built on the basis of cultivated lands.