l'âge agro-industriel 19th century Today

 
Animal-powered agriculture
Animal-powered agriculture

Mechanical threshing
Mechanical threshing

Tractors
Tractors

Factories
Factories

Introduction 
of new agricultural techniques
 

The development of sciences and their practical application, education and information, the obvious superiority of new techniques, the strong motivation to increase production (def.) linked with the family operation of farms, all contributed to an increase, initially slow, then accelerated in the second half of the 20th century, of agricultural production.

The most important aspect of the development of productive forces at the end of the 19th century lies in the changes from traditional animal-powered agriculture (def.) to mechanized agriculture (def.).  Mechanized agriculture means the mechanization of all agricultural processes as far as possible. Agricultural motorization does not come into widespread use until the second half of the 20th century.

Mechanization and the increase of yields would be accompanied by a large decrease in the population of farmers, and consequently by a remarkable increase in productivity (number of inhabitants per active worker (def.)).
 

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