l'âge agro-industriel 19th century Today

Engrais St Gobain

Elementary classes in agriculture
Elementary classes in agriculture (1914)

From agronomic sciences
to agricultural practices

The application of agronomic sciences to agricultural practices requires education and information for the farmers. In Europe peasants began to learn how to read and write at the end of the 19th century. In France, Jules Ferry instituted free primary education (def.),  secular and obligatatory. Educators play a major role in the evolution of the rural world. Agricultural education (def.) helps organize adult education programs (public conferences, "winter" courses,  demonstration (def.) fields, etc.).

Simultaneously, companies that produce chemical fertilizers, plant protection products, and mechanized agricultural tools, developed publicity promoting the use of their products.
Agricultural societies and country fair organizations encouraged larger yields and higher quality, particularly by organizing "agricultural competitions".

Education and information for farmers contributed to a gradual change in ways of thinking, and to the triumph of a New Agriculture (def.).  Science and practices would join and give birth later to a Production-oriented Agriculture (def.), which aims to increase yields in agriculture.

AccueilAgropolis-Museum | History of food & agriculture | Agro-industrial times | Next