Millet is the main cereal grown in rainy season in the Sahelian areas where it is originated from. It is found on sandy soils where the rainfalls is of about 350 to 450 mm. This plant is not completely domesticated yet though well adapted to difficult environmental conditions (poor soils, low and uncertain rainfalls). Millet is a 2 to 4 m high graminae; its reproduction is made by crossed breeding during a 3 to 4 months cycle (according to varieties) which correspond to the rainy season. The technics used for its growth is of an extensive type with early sowing when the first rains come. The production yields are low, usually lower than 500 kg per hectare. The millet straw is used to feed the herds and the dung is often the only fertilizer available.
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