Traditional grazing land societies are organized according to seasonal movement of flocks of cows, sheep, or goats . Their way of life (tents, mobility) and their social organization (tribes, collective territories) are adapted to the serious constraints of their environment.
Within the framework of modernized economies, pastoralism is practiced on large private farms where flocks are moved according to a planned system of pasturage . This fragile type of activity is strongly linked to the market, and is assisted by several supporting programs
Today pastoralism is changing. Agriculture and the herding of sheep or goats are either associated together or they share the territory. In Europe, this activity nowadays has new objectives: the conservation of landscapes, the struggle against fire, etc…..